The National Advanced Biofuels Consortium (NABC) is developing processes to create advanced biofuels—biomass-based hydrocarbon fuels such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel—that integrate well with existing refineries, distribution networks, and vehicle fleets.
The National Advanced Biofuels Consortium is developing processes that create advanced biofuels that are:
Infrastructure-compatible. The consortium is developing processes to produce biomass-derived gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. These fuels, known as "drop-in biofuels," can be blended with their petroleum-derived counterparts or used directly in gasoline, diesel, or jet engines. Drop-in biofuels are viable within all major fuel markets.
Sustainable. The technologies developed by the National Advanced Biofuels Consortium meet or exceed environmental and sustainability goals for biofuels production such as reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 50% or more over conventional fossil fuels.
Cost-competitive. The cost of producing and distributing advanced biofuels must be comparable with that of conventional petroleum-derived gasoline, diesel, or jet fuel. The National Advanced Biofuels Consortium has determined that the fastest, most cost-effective route to advanced biofuels is to supplement petroleum with biomass at the refinery. This will avoid the costs of new infrastructure and accelerate broad use of biofuels by the existing transportation fleet.
Learn more about NABC process strategies.
Biomass feedstocks must be processed into intermediates that are compatible with refinery streams before they are fed into traditional petroleum refineries. Successfully integrating these biomass feeds into refineries requires feeds that have low oxygen content, blend well with petroleum, and contain minimal contaminants that can poison refinery catalysts and degrade fuel streams.
The National Advanced Biofuels Consortium is investigating three proposed insertion points for advanced biofuels in a petroleum refinery.