Advanced Biofuels Processing and Integration

The National Advanced Biofuels Consortium (NABC) is developing processes to create advanced biofuels—biomass-based hydrocarbon fuels such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel—that integrate well with existing refineries, distribution networks, and vehicle fleets.

Developing Advanced Biofuels Processes

The National Advanced Biofuels Consortium is developing processes that create advanced biofuels that are:

Learn more about NABC process strategies.

Integrating Biomass Feeds into Refineries

Biomass feedstocks must be processed into intermediates that are compatible with refinery streams before they are fed into traditional petroleum refineries. Successfully integrating these biomass feeds into refineries requires feeds that have low oxygen content, blend well with petroleum, and contain minimal contaminants that can poison refinery catalysts and degrade fuel streams.

The National Advanced Biofuels Consortium is investigating three proposed insertion points for advanced biofuels in a petroleum refinery.

Insertion Point 1.
Biomass is converted into a bio-crude that can be co-processed with conventional crude oil.
Insertion Point 2.
Biomass is upgraded into refinery-ready intermediates that are compatible with refinery streams that must go through further processing at the refinery.
Insertion Point 3.
Biomass is upgraded to a near-finished fuel or blendstock that will be minimally processed at the refinery.
Illustration of a flow diagram depicting existing refinery infrastructure and the three insertion points. Insertion point 1 is on the left where crude oil first enters the refinery; insertion point 2 is in the center within the refinery itself; and insertion point 3 is on the right, outside the refinery but before distribution through a pipeline to tank farms and terminals.

NABC is researching three points where crude bio-oils, biofuel intermediates, or finished hydrocarbon biofuels could be integrated into existing petroleum refineries and distribution infrastructure.